HISTORY OF COCOA IN VENEZUELA

• 1498 Columbus reaches the coasts of Paria on his third voyage.


• The first data on cocoa in Venezuela date back to late 1600, they are cataloged cocoa as a product generated in Merida and exported to Spain. The cultivation spread to the coast of Aragua, Windward and Sucre.


• 1620 - 1700 The export volume reached 600 tonnes per year, reaching some 2230 tonnes per year during the period 1701 to 1703.


• 1728 First monopoly of cocoa marketing in Venezuela. The Spanish Crown granted the Company exclusive marketing Guipuzcoana goods produced in these provinces and with this the first monopoly of cocoa.


• 1742 Separation of the Province of Venezuela the Viceroyalty of New Granada.


• 1749 Discontent and protests over low prices paid to producers of cocoa, which results in the first uprising against the company and the scheme by Juan Francisco León from Panaquire (Barlovento).


• 1777 creation of the Captaincy General of Venezuela and annexed thereto, the Provinces of Maracaibo, Guayana, Cumana, Margarita Island and Trinidad.


• 1780 Elimination of the privileges granted to the Guipuzcoa Company and later dissolution in 1785.


• 1799 landing of the explorer and naturalist Alexander von Humboldt by Cumana Venezuela and their investigation by telling on cocoa and its conditions.


• 1810 - 1824 War of Independence.


• Over half of 1800 generated a stagnation in production with an average of 5,000 tons / year, coffee replaced cocoa as major revenue generator.


• 1854 Abolition of slavery.


• 1858 - 1863 Federal War.


• 1900 - 1920 Increase cocoa production volumes reaching 22,000 tonnes per year.


• 1928 Exploitation of oil a society moving from an agricultural worker for a mining "industry".

• 1933 Devastation of cocoa plantations in state Sucre by the cyclone in the East.

• 1936 Establishment of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock by the national government under President Eleazar López Contreras.


• 1956 high of cocoa production 23,000 tonnes per year.


• 1959 Creation of the National Cocoa and Coffee (FNCC) by the Venezuelan state.


• 1960 Enactment of the Agrarian Reform Law.


• 1967 Division of the National Fund FNCC Cocoa (FONCACAO) and the National Coffee Fund.


• 1974 Average annual cocoa production of 20,000 metric tons / year.


• 1975 Second monopoly of cocoa marketing by FONCACAO.


• 1984 Abandonment and / or replacement of the item cocoa farming activities, this causes a decrease in domestic production of cocoa produced only reaching 10,500 tons / year to date.


• 1991 Demonopolization marketing of cocoa by the Venezuelan state and hence an increase in national cocoa production; now reached an average of 17,000 tonnes per year.